RCSD Center, Faculty of Social Sciences, Chiang Mai University is pleased to invite you to participate in a Thesis Examination
“Implication of Myanmar Political Transitions on IDPs’ Access to Land and their Human Security in Karenni State”
Presenter: Ms. Maw Thoe Myar, Master of Arts in Social Science, Specialization Development Studies
Prof. Emeritus Dr. Philip Hirsch (Chairperson)
Dr. Ta-Wei Chu (Committee)
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Amporn Jirattikorn (Committee)
Wednesday, 30 September 2020, from 13.30 p.m.
Subaltern meeting room, basement floor, Faculty of Social Sciences
Myanmar’s politics has dramatically transited to pragmatic under the civilian government in 2011. The political transition has initiated with the positive outcomes that seems to bring the human security for its citizens. The government has conducted peace building processes with each ethnic armed organizations (EAOs) around Myanmar. Peace building processes have reduced human rights abused and provided
peace in each ethnic minority states. Among them, Karenni State was one of the longstanding conflicts affected areas that has engaged with the peace building process with the Myanmar government in 2012.
Peace building process in Karenni State especially provides hopes for the Internally Displaced Person (IDPs). The IDPs in Karenni State have embraced the voluntary resettlement and return process in order to access the land while the peace process is ongoing.
This thesis has studied the broaden dimension of the Myanmar’s peace building process at the grassroot level in Karenni State. The concept of political transition has provided to understand the root causes of
the ethnic armed conflicts, driven of political transition, challenges and outcomes of the political transition in both national and regional level. Moreover, the concept of human security has supported to analyze how the state actors provide the human security to its citizens. This thesis has also examined the development of new land laws under the Myanmar political transition and its implications on the IDP’s access to land. Theory of access has used to conceptualize the right based access and structural and relation-based access to land of the Karenni IDPs. This thesis has employed the qualitative research method that the empirical data driven from the ethnographic field research along with the varies data collection methods such as interviews and participant observation.
Analysis of the responses have demonstrated that peace building process in Karenni State has deadlocked due to lack of trust, incapability of peace negotiators, violated the bilateral agreement,
misuse of the power and high centralization. Additionally, the implication of land laws reformed, lack of rule of laws and unrecognized the ethnic customary land laws only provide human insecurities for the Karenni IDPs. Despite Myanmar political transition and recent land law reformed has brought solutions to some areas, this study has found out that the solutions do not positively work for the Karenni IDPs in
terms of access to land. Two IDPs villages such as Daw Klaw Le village and Daw So Shay village have shown the distinction of human security and the way to access the land based on the extend of state
actor’s predomination. Hence, this thesis has argued that the state’s predomination on the IDPs’ access to land agenda has threated to IDP’s livelihood security, hence, the state’s move does not bring human security to the IDPs.
::Your attendance is highly appreciated::