The Mekong Water Governance Summer School was organized in an effort to encourage critical thinking regarding five key themes: gender, hydropower, impact assessment, safeguards, and transboundary governance. Participants were not only academics, but also practitioners and professionals working on water governance issues within the region. A primary goal of the week’s activities was to understand how the conceptual approaches discussed could be adapted and applied in each individual’s own context. Through the establishment of a common understanding of the five key themes and their relation to water governance, dialogue can be facilitated in a more constructive and effective manner. The summer school provided an opportunity for participants to share their experience, perspective, and knowledge across six regional countries, and varying sectors and scales. In addition to attending the summer school, participants were asked to disseminate the information learned beyond this program to their colleagues, students, etc. The method of dissemination was further developed into a training outline in the final session of the summer school.